Safety and Injuries
> Sun Safety
Protecting your child in the sun is very important. Make sure you understand how sunscreen should be used and what SPF is.
Infants under 6 months
Babies under 6 months of age should be kept out of the direct sunlight. Move your baby to the shade or under a tree, umbrella or the stroller canopy. On reflective surfaces shade may reduce UV exposure by only 50%. It is okay to apply sunscreen to small areas of the body that you cannot cover with clothing, such as face and hands.
Do not give extra water to infants until they are on solid foods. Breastfeed more often or give extra formula to prevent dehydration.
Dress babies in lightweight clothing that covers the arms and legs and use wide-brimmed hats.Small amounts of sunscreen may be used on small areas, such as the face, when clothing is not adequate protection.
What is SPF?
SPF= Sun Protection Factor. The SPF increases the time you can spend in the sun, depending on your skin type. If you would typically burn in 1 hour, an SPF of 15 will keep you from burning for 15 hours, if you reapply every 2 hours. If you would burn in 20 minutes, an SPF of 15 used every 2 hours would protect you 15 x 20 minutes, or 5 hours.
The sun protection factor (SPF) should be at least 15 and should cover both UVA and UVB rays. The sooner your skin burns, the higher the SPF you should use.
How should sunscreen be used?
For all infants and children over 6 months, be generous with sunscreen. Apply sunscreen at least 30 minutes before going outside, reapply it every 1-2 hours if sweating or swimming (even if it states it is waterproof), and use sunscreen even on cloudy days. One full ounce should be used to cover an adult.
Reapply the sun screen every 1-2 hours.
Try to keep children out of the sun between 10:00 am and 4:00 pm, when the sun's rays are strongest.
Clouds are not sufficiently protective against the sun. UV rays on cloudy days may be reduced by only 20% to 40%.
What about eyes?
Sunglasses may be used to protect the eyes from sun damage. Hats with wide brims also keep sun out of the eyes.
For the best and worst sunscreens based on quality of UVA/UVB protection and safety of ingredients and other sun safety tips, click here.